Everything you need to know about the bird flu in India – Latest Update

Everything you need to know about the bird flu
Everything you need to know about the bird flu

WHO explains about bird flu in India that it is not harmful to eat chicken and eggs till the time it is properly boiled, grilled, and cooked. Average temperatures obtained during cooking can destroy the virus, tells the organization.

As seven states have ratified bird flu, the Centre has asked all states to be attentive and “prevent any chances of jumping of the syndrome into humans”.

Ten geese were found lifeless in Delhi’s Sanjay Lake on Saturday.

Amid extensive bird flu scare across the nation, Uttar Pradesh on Saturday came to be the seventh state to uphold the disease’s outbreak. Kanpur Zoological Park has stood to shut for tourists for 15 days as suspected bird flu litter has been observed in the zoo.

With both neighbouring Uttar Pradesh and Haryana twirling from avian influenza(bird flu), Delhi is already at a susceptible zone. The different number of death crows sighted at various Delhi spots for successive days has added to that.

States where bird flu has been ascertained.

Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh.

What is Bird Flu?

Bird flu or avian influenza is viral disease influenza that is recorded mostly in birds. This syndrome is brought about by the Influenza Type-A virus that generally affects both unruly and poultry birds. This virus can have various problems, most of which cause mild indications and affect low egg production. Nonetheless, some variants can prove deadly – as is being reported nowadays from multiple states. The recent outbreak indicates H5N1 and H8N1 burdens of the virus resulting in the death of birds.

The plague was first recorded in China in 1996. Several cases have since then been recounted across the world. The first outbreaks in India were noted in 2006 in Nandurbar, Maharashtra

Is safe to eat chicken and egg?

“As a common safeguard, WHO advises that poultry, poultry commodities, and violent game birds should constantly be prepared attending good sanitary practices and that poultry flesh should be appropriately boiled,” says WHO.

Specialists also clarify that poultry should be well heated on gas or grill and shouldn’t be microwaved. Numerous instants, the microwave rays are not enough to kill the germ. Several fitness experts have contradicted such a probability and advised the world to take safeguard and not fear. The consultants said that the hazard of human-to-human communication of the H5N1 infection that causes the bird flu is very rare unless one stint in the locality to the infected species of birds.

The cases of virus stretch in humans have been associated with home killing and handling of dead birds, before cooking. “These procedures depict the highest hazard of human disorder and are greatly important to prevent,” WHO instructs.

“People who operate closely with poultry are at great risk of getting the virus. Otherwise, human to human communication of the H5N1 virus is very unusual. Hence there is no necessity to fear,” Dr Harshal R. Salve, Associate Professor at Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) told IANS news medium.

How Does the Disease Spread?

The bird droppings in wild oceanic birds like ducks and geese transmit the Influenza A viruses — is the primary source of the disease. It is from these water birds that frequently depart and travel long distances that the infection is circulating to poultry and terrestrial birds. Mammals like pigs, cows, cats and dogs can also occasionally catch this virus.

Can it Transfer to Humans?

Ya, the H5N1 virus can fall to human species and contaminate humans from the infected bird. The early cases of H5N1 disease in humans was recorded in Switzerland in 1997 when a poultry farm labourer caught the disease from infected birds. Still, no matter of bird flu in humans has yet been noted from the current case in India. People who enter near infected birds are vastly susceptible to the reach of the disease.

How Serious is the infection?

Bird Flu has nearly 60 per cent mortality ratio. Between 2006 and 2018, India recorded a total of 225 epicentres of bird flu disease. Over 83.49 lakh birds were plucked to prevent the spread, and the administration offered an allowance of Rs 26.37 crore to poultry agriculturist for their casualties.

What’s the Current Situation of Bird Flu in India?

On Sunday, the zoo at Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh was close, and it was declared all birds openly there will be destroyed after the bird flu was substantiated in wild chickens found lifeless in the zoo.

While 17 additional ducks were found lifeless at Sanjay Lake in New Delhi on Sunday, administrations declared it a “warning zone”. This came a day after the Delhi Growth Authority shut the popular water-body-cum-park attending the death of 10 ducks on the assumptions. The specimens from the defunct ducks have been dispatched for testing to demonstrate whether bird flu was the cause of death.

Administrations also closed the famous Hauz Khas Park in south Delhi, which is an enormous water body and fascinates many mobs every day, has also been completed.

The flu outbreaks have been verified in 13 regions of Madhya Pradesh, while through 1,100 crows and other wild birds have been laying the first stone dead across 27 areas since the virus was initially examined in the country last month.

Bodies of 215 migratory birds were seen in Pong Dam Wildlife Sanctuary in Himachal Pradesh’s Kangra area on Sunday, bringing the entire quantity of such birds presumed to have vanished of avian influenza to 4,235, administrators said. Each day, hundreds of migratory birds were seen to be dead in the lake region since December 29. Previous Monday, the specimens tested obvious for H5N1, they said.

As per the researches of specialists, the possibilities of the H5N1 virus contaminating humans is short in India as described in relation to South-East Asian nations. But it our responsibility as well as off officials to take care of issue. And our responsibility is to be aware of all the important precautions for this.

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